Segundo Chomón was a Spanish producer and director, who during his work was experiencing with colour and technics of film editing. He was specialized in special effects, what in his years, at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries, was unusual and rare. His work was initially bounded up with the Pathé (Name of French business run by Pathé brothers, focusing on film equipment and production). Chomón was mainly distributing films through Pathé, and in this particular cooperation he played other significant roles. He contributed to the development of stencil colored film prints, which lead to the development of Pathéchrome process. It took this name by being patented by Pathé in 1905.
This inventive film tinting process for movies resulted in a creation of very interesting productions. Colour appeared on them by using the stencil, through which the paint was applied on the film frame by frame. That method allowed to control the spread of the paint and made it a bit faster than hand painting. Usually the range of used colours wasn’t higher than 6. This is the way Chomón was colouring movies, a process thet was eventually mechanized. Stencil was cut for each desired colour and then aligned with the print. After that it was applied through the stencil at high speeds, frame by frame. In the machine cutting process the stencil was cut into a blank film directly.
We can see this method in one of movies, on which Chomón worked on, called “La vie et passion de notre seigneur Jesus Christ “, from 1903, directed by Ferdinand Zecca.
post written by Katarzyna Wielgus